518. im
Concordancia Strong
im: Si, Que, ó, ¡he aquí!, aunque, ¡Oh, si !.
Palabra Original: אּם
Parte del Discurso: conjunción; partícula hipotética; imperfecta; infinitivo; partícula interrogativa
Transliteración: im
Ortografía Fonética: (eem)
Definición: Si, Que, ó, ¡he aquí!, aunque, ¡Oh, si !.
RVR 1909 Número de Palabras: Si (613), Que (50), ó (39), no (26), Aunque (13), Ciertamente (10), cuando (10), ni (8), y (4), Aun (2), los (2), otras (2), por (2), tu (2), Acaso (1), aquí (1), Bien (1), cierto (1), compañeros (1), fueren (1), Galaad (1), Han (1), hay (1), hice (1), juntamente (1), le (1), madre (1), muerte (1), nunca (1), oh (1), pues (1), Quién (1), salido (1), se (1), sea (1), Sino (1), sois (1), son (1), soy (1), ti (1), Unas (1), verán (1), vosotros (1), Yo (1).
Strong's Concordance
im: if
Original Word: אּם
Part of Speech: conjunction; hypothetical particle; imperfect; infinitive; interrogative particle
Transliteration: im
Phonetic Spelling: (eem)
Short Definition: if
אִם conjunction (= Aramaic if [and in , אֶלָּא = if not, except], Arabic if [and in = if not, except], Ethiopic (§mma) if = מָה + אִם ( + ) [and in (allâ) if not, but], Assyrian umma; also in Arabic 'An?' = , compare הַאִם: see NöM p. 208, ZMG 1886, p. 739; WAG i. § 367 e) **ᵑ7Onk Jon אִם, ᵑ7Hag אין.

1. hypothetical particle if.

a. construction (see more fully Dr§ 136-138, 143 FriedrichDie Hebr. Condit. sätze 1884): (1) with

imperfect (continued by perfects & waw consecutive; apodosis usually begins with perfect & waw consecutive or bare imperfect; or, if necessary, with imperative or jussive) (a) of future time: Genesis 18:26 אִםאֶֿמְצָא if I shall find 50 righteous in Sodom, וְנָשָׂאתִי I will pardon, etc., Genesis 24:8; Genesis 32:9; Deuteronomy 19:8f.; 1 Kings 1:52; b 1 Kings 6:12; Psalm 89:31; Genesis 42:37; Judges 13:16; 1 Kings 1:52 a Psalm 132:12. (b) of past time (rare, but classical): Genesis 31:8 אִם יאֹמַר if everhe said . . . וְיָָֽלְדִוּ then they used to bear, etc., Exodus 40:37; & in the protestations Job 31:7,13,16,25 etc. (alternating with pff., see below, & with jussives in apodosis) (c) assuming a purely imaginary case (with imperfect in both clauses, like the double optative in Greek), if, though: Genesis 13:16 so that אִםיֿוּכַל if a man were able to number the stars, thy seed also יִמָּנֶה might be numbered, Numbers 22:18; Isaiah 1:18 כַּשָּׁנִים יַלְבִּינוּ ׳אִםיִֿהְיוּ ח though your sins were as scarlet, they should become white as snow, Amos 9:2-4 אִםיַֿחְתְּרוּ though they were to dig into Sheôl, from thence תִּקָּחֵם would my hand fetch them, Psalm 27:3; Psalm 139:8 +. (2) with

participle (expressing either a present process, or an approaching future: apodosis as 1 a) Genesis 24:42,49; Judges 6:36; Judges 9:15; Judges 11:9 אִם מְשִׁיבִים אַתֶּם if ye are going to bring me back . . . ׳וְנָתַן י then ׳י will, etc.; similarly with יֵשׁ or אֵין Genesis 44:26; Exodus 22:2; 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 23:23; & with no explicit copula Deuteronomy 22:2; Deuteronomy 25:2; Leviticus 1:3,14, etc. (3) with

perfect (a) of future or present time (continued by perfects & waw consecutive: apodosis as 1 a) Genesis 43:9 אִםלֹֿא הֲבִיאֹתִיו אֵלֶיךָ וְהִצַּגְתִּיו לְפָנֶיךָ if I do not bring him back (si eum non reduxero) and set him before thee, I will be guilty for ever, Genesis 47:6 if thou knowest that there are men of worth among them וְשַׂמְתָּם then make them, etc., Judges 16:17; 2 Samuel 15:33; 2 Kings 7:4; Psalm 41:7; Psalm 94:18; Job 7:4; Job 9:30f. Job 10:14 אִם חָטָאתִי וּשְׁמַרְתָּ֑נִי if I sin, thou watchest me. On אִםנָֿא Genesis 18:3 and elsewhere see נָא. (b) of past time, whether (a) in actual fact, or (β) in an assumed case (the perfect is here continued by the imperfect and waw consecutive; apodosis begins as before). (a) Judges 9:16-19 אִם ֗֗֗ עֲשִׂיתֶם if ye have done honestly וַתַּמְלִיכוּ and have made Abimelech king . . ., 1 Samuel 26:19; especially in protestations, as Psalm 7:4 אִם עָשִׂיתִי זאת if I have done this . . ., let the enemy pursue my soul, etc. Jeremiah 33:25f.; Job 31:5f; Job 31:9, etc. (b) Numbers 5:27 if she have defiled herself וַתִּמְעֹל and been faithless, וּבָאוּ then shall they come, etc., Numbers 15:24; Numbers 35:22-24. (c) with bare perfect in apodosis, in sense of If ... had ..., only Deuteronomy 32:30 אִםלֹֿא כִּי were it not that ..., Psalm 73:15. (לוּ is more usual in such cases.) (4) with

infinitive once (si vera 1.) Job 9:27 אִם אָמְרִי = if I say (literally if (there is) my saying). — Note that the verb following אִם is often strengthened by the infinitive absolute, as Exodus 15:26; Exodus 19:5; Exodus 21:5; Exodus 22:3; Exodus 22:12; Exodus 22:16; Exodus 22:22; Judges 11:30; Judges 14:12; Judges 16:11 etc.; compare DrSm i. 20, 6.

b. Special uses: (1) repeated ... אִם אִם whether ... or (sive ... sive) Exodus 19:13; Deuteronomy 18:3; 2 Samuel 15:21; similarly אִם ֗֗֗ וְאִם Genesis 31:52; Jeremiah 42:6; Ezekiel 2:5; Ecclesiastes 11:3; Ecclesiastes 12:14 (compare ... , ... PS250; ... & ... ).(2) After an oath (expressed, or merely implied) אִם (the formula of imprecation being omitted) becomes an emphatic negative, and אִםלֹֿא an emphatic affirmative: 2 Samuel 11:11 by thy life אִםאֶֿעֱשֶׂה אֶתהַֿדָּבָר הַזֶּה (may God bring all manner of evil upon me) if I do this thing! = surely I will not do this thing! (compare the full phrases in 1 Samuel 3:17; 2 Kings 6:31) Genesis 14:23; Genesis 42:15; Numbers 14:23; 1 Samuel 3:14; 1 Samuel 19:6; 2 Kings 2:2; 2 Kings 3:14 & often; Isaiah 22:14; Psalm 89:36; Psalm 95:11; Job 6:28; אִםלֹֿא Numbers 14:28; Joshua 14:9; 1 Kings 20:23; 2 Kings 9:26; Isaiah 5:9; Isaiah 14:24; Jeremiah 15:11; Jeremiah 49:20; Job 1:11 #NAME? Ezekiel; after a negative clause, emphasizing a contrasted idea, Genesis 24:38 (where the explanation by Aramaic אֶלָּא is not supported by Hebrew usage), compare Jeremiah 22:6. Repeated, אִם ֗֗֗ וְאִם 2 Samuel 20:20; 2 Kings 3:14; Isaiah 62:8; Jeremiah 38:16; Ezekiel 14:16. In adjurations (with 2nd or 3rd person) = that not Genesis 21:23; Genesis 26:29; Genesis 31:50; 1 Samuel 24:22; 1 Kings 1:51; Songs 2:7; Songs 3:5 +. Of past or present time: 1 Samuel 25:34 as ׳י liveth (I say) that, unless thou hadst hastened ..., כִּי אִם נוֺתַר that surely there had not been left ...! 1 Samuel 17:55 as thy soul liveth אִםיָֿדַעְתִּי if I Know it! 1 Kings 17:12; 1 Kings 18:10 — both אִםיֵֿשׁ (כִּי here merely introduces the fact sworn to, & need not be translated; so 2 Samuel 3:35: see כִּי); Psalm 121:2 אִםלֹֿא (after a negative clause: compare above Genesis 24:38). compare Str§ 90.(3) Part, of wishing, if but ...! oh that ...! (rare) Psalm 81:9 If thou wouldest hearken to me! Psalm 95:7; Psalm 139:19; Proverbs 24:11. compare Exodus 32:32. With an imperative (si vera lectio) Job 34:16 וְאִםִֿ˜בּינָה; and with an anacoluthon, Genesis 23:13 (P) אִםאַֿתָּה לוּ שְׁמָעֵנִי if thou! — oh that thou wouldst hear me!(4) Nearly = when — with the perfect: (a) of past, Genesis 38:9; Numbers 21:9 וְהָיָה אִםנָֿשַׁךְ ֗֗֗ וְרָאָה and it used to be, if or when a serpent had bitten a man, that he would look, etc., Judges 6:3; Psalm 78:34 (see Dr§ 136 δ Obs.); Amos 7:2. (b) of present or future, Isaiah 4:4 אִם רָחַץ when the Lord shall have washed, Isaiah 24:13; Isaiah 28:25; compare Numbers 36:4 (with the imperfect)

c. Compounded with other particles: — (a) בִּלְתִּי אִם except if, except, Genesis 47:18; Judges 7:14; Amos 3:3,4. (β) הֲלוֺא אִם 2 Kings 20:19 (for which Isaiah 39:7 has sim-ply כִּי), perhaps Is it not (good), if ...? (De Di). (γ) כִּיאִֿם, q. v. (δ) עַד אִם Genesis 24:19,33; Isaiah 30:17; Ruth 2:21, & עַד אֲשֶׁר אִם Genesis 28:15; Numbers 32:17; Isaiah 6:11, until, properly until if or when. (ε) רַק אִם if only (see below רַק). אִםלֹֿא in Ezekiel 3:6b is very difficult. The Vrss render If I had sent, etc., implying לֻא for אִםלֹֿא (for Ew's אִםלֻֿא = אִלּוּ, q. v., is precarious): Ges Hi Co 'but (אִםלֹֿא after a negative, compare above Genesis 24:38; Psalm 131:2) unto them (Israel) have I sent thee: they can understand thee' (but understand is a dubious rendering of שָׁמַע אֶל).

2. Interrogative particle a. in direct question: (a) alone (not frequently and usually = Num? expecting the answer No, especially in a rhet. style): Genesis 38:17; 1 Kings 1:27; Judges 5:8 מָגֵן אִםיֵֿרָאֶה וָרֹמַח was there a shield to be seen or a spear ...?Isaiah 29:16; and repeated Amos 3:6; Jeremiah 48:27; Job 6:12. (b) more frequently in disjunctive interrogation: (a) הֲ ֗֗֗ אִם, expressing a real alternative Joshua 5:13 הֲלָנוּ אַתָּה אִםלְֿצָרֵינוּ art thou for us, or for our enemies? Judges 9:2; 1 Kings 22:6,15: more often expressing a merely formal alternative, especially in poetry (a rhetorical Num?) Genesis 37:8; Numbers 11:12,22; Judges 11:25b 2 Samuel 19:36; Isaiah 10:15; Isaiah 66:8; Jeremiah 3:5; Habakkuk 3:8; Psalm 77:10; Psalm 78:20; Job 4:17; Job 6:5,6; Job 10:4,5; Job 11:7 etc. (β) הֲ ֗֗֗ וְאִם (rarer than הֲ ֗֗֗ אִם, but similar in use) 2 Samuel 24:13 (a real alt.); Isaiah 49:24; Isaiah 50:2; Jeremiah 5:9 (Jeremiah 5:29 אִם) Jeremiah 14:22; Joel 1:2; Joel 4:4; Job 8:3; Job 11:2; Job 21:4; Job 22:3; Job 34:17; Job 40:8f. (formal); Genesis 17:17 P (with an anacoluthon) shall a child ...? וְאִםשָֿׂרָה הֲבַתתִּֿשְׁעִים שָׁנָה תֵּלֵד or Sarah, — shall she that is 90 years old bear? Proverbs 27:24 (וְאִם after negative clause),

b. in oblique interrogation, if, whether: (a) alone, after verbs of seeing, inquiring, etc. 2 Kings 1:2; Jeremiah 5:1; Jeremiah 30:6; Malachi 3:10; Psalm 139:24; Cant 7:13; Lamentations 1:12; Ezra 2:59; once מִי יוֺדֵעַ אִם who knoweth if ...? i.e. (like haud scio an) perhaps Esther 4:14 (older synonym מִי יוֺדֵעַ alone: see 2 Samuel 12:22; Joel 2:14; Jonah 3:9). (b) disjunctively הֲ ֗֗֗ אִם Genesis 27:21; Numbers 13:18-20; so אִם ֗֗֗ וְאִם Joshua 24:15.

c. compounded with הֲ, הַאִם Numbers 17:28 הַאִם תַּמְנוּ לִגְוֺעַ probably an emphatic Num? Shall we ever have finished dying? Job 6:13 difficult: perhaps Is it that my help is not in me? (a forcible means of expressing that that which might be thought impossible is nevertheless the case); Hi as an aposiop., If my help is not in me (am I still to wait) ? (The view that הַאִם = הֲלֹא nonne? is inconsistent with the fact that אִם in a question has regularly the force of Num?)

אֵם see אמם. Below

אַמָּה, אֻמָּה see אמם.

אמה (assumed as √ of following, which how-ever probably biliteral compare Sta§ 188; see also LagBN 82).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrog., whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence, as a negative, not -- (and, can-, doubtless, if, that) (not), + but, either, + except, + more(-over if, than), neither, nevertheless, nor, oh that, or, + save (only, -ing), seeing, since, sith, + surely (no more, none, not), though, + of a truth, + unless, + verily, when, whereas, whether, while, + yet.

Forms and Transliterations
אִ֖ם אִ֗ם אִ֚ם אִ֛ם אִ֡ם אִ֣ם אִ֣ם ׀ אִ֤ם אִ֥ם אִ֨ם־ אִֽם־ אִם אִם֙ אִם־ אם אם־ הַאִ֥ם הַאִ֬ם האם וְ֠אִם וְֽאִם־ וְאִ֖ם וְאִ֛ם וְאִ֡ם וְאִ֣ם וְאִ֣ם ׀ וְאִ֤ם וְאִ֥ם וְאִ֧ם וְאִ֨ם וְאִ֨ם־ וְאִֽם־ וְאִם֙ וְאִם֩ וְאִם֮ וְאִם־ ואם ואם־ ’im ’im- ha’im ha·’im haIm im imoSh imoSha imoSho veIm veimoSha wə’im wə’im- wə·’im wə·’im-
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 518
1070 Occurrences

ha·’im — 2 Occ.
’im- — 786 Occ.
’i·mōš- — 1 Occ.
’i·mō·šā- — 1 Occ.
’i·mō·šō- — 1 Occ.
wə·’im — 278 Occ.
wə·’i·mō·ša- — 1 Occ.

Genesis 4:7
HEB: הֲל֤וֹא אִם־ תֵּיטִיב֙ שְׂאֵ֔ת
NAS: If you do well,
KJV: If thou doest well,
INT: not If do will not be lifted

Genesis 4:7
HEB: תֵּיטִיב֙ שְׂאֵ֔ת וְאִם֙ לֹ֣א תֵיטִ֔יב
NAS: will not [your countenance] be lifted up? And if you do not do well,
INT: do will not be lifted and if not well

Genesis 13:9
HEB: נָ֖א מֵעָלָ֑י אִם־ הַשְּׂמֹ֣אל וְאֵימִ֔נָה
NAS: separate from me; if [to] the left,
INT: Please and if the left will go

Genesis 13:9
HEB: הַשְּׂמֹ֣אל וְאֵימִ֔נָה וְאִם־ הַיָּמִ֖ין וְאַשְׂמְאִֽילָה׃
NAS: then I will go to the right; or if [to] the right,
INT: the left will go if the right will go

Genesis 13:16
HEB: הָאָ֑רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ אִם־ יוּכַ֣ל אִ֗ישׁ
NAS: of the earth, so that if anyone can
INT: of the earth so if can another

Genesis 14:23
HEB: אִם־ מִחוּט֙ וְעַ֣ד
KJV: That I will not [take] from a thread
INT: will not A thread against

Genesis 14:23
HEB: שְׂרֽוֹךְ־ נַ֔עַל וְאִם־ אֶקַּ֖ח מִכָּל־
KJV: even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take
INT: thong A sandal will not take anything

Genesis 15:4
HEB: זֶ֑ה כִּי־ אִם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יֵצֵ֣א
INT: This for but who will come

Genesis 15:5
HEB: וּסְפֹר֙ הַכּ֣וֹכָבִ֔ים אִם־ תּוּכַ֖ל לִסְפֹּ֣ר
NAS: the stars, if you are able
INT: and count the stars if are able to count

Genesis 17:17
HEB: שָׁנָה֙ יִוָּלֵ֔ד וְאִ֨ם־ שָׂרָ֔ה הֲבַת־
INT: years child be born lo Sarah old

Genesis 18:3
HEB: וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י אִם־ נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי
NAS: My lord, if now
INT: and said my lord if now have found

Genesis 18:21
HEB: עָשׂ֣וּ ׀ כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם־ לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה׃
NAS: which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.
INT: have done entirely and if not will know

Genesis 18:26
HEB: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה אִם־ אֶמְצָ֥א בִסְדֹ֛ם
NAS: So the LORD said, If I find in Sodom
INT: said the LORD If find Sodom

Genesis 18:28
HEB: לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית אִם־ אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם
NAS: I will not destroy [it] if I find
INT: I will not destroy if find there

Genesis 18:30
HEB: לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה אִם־ אֶמְצָ֥א שָׁ֖ם
NAS: I will not do [it] if I find
INT: I will not do if find there

Genesis 20:7
HEB: בַּֽעַדְךָ֖ וֶֽחְיֵ֑ה וְאִם־ אֵֽינְךָ֣ מֵשִׁ֗יב
NAS: for you and you will live. But if you do not restore
INT: thee will live if not restore

Genesis 21:23
HEB: בֵֽאלֹהִים֙ הֵ֔נָּה אִם־ תִּשְׁקֹ֣ר לִ֔י
INT: God here you will not deal my offspring

Genesis 23:8
HEB: אִתָּ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־ יֵ֣שׁ אֶֽת־
NAS: with them, saying, If it is your wish
INT: for saying If be is your wish

Genesis 23:13
HEB: לֵאמֹ֔ר אַ֛ךְ אִם־ אַתָּ֥ה ל֖וּ
NAS: saying, If you will only
INT: saying will only If you please

Genesis 24:8
HEB: וְאִם־ לֹ֨א תֹאבֶ֤ה
NAS: But if the woman is not willing
INT: if is not willing

Genesis 24:19
HEB: אֶשְׁאָ֔ב עַ֥ד אִם־ כִּלּ֖וּ לִשְׁתֹּֽת׃
INT: will draw against lo have finished drinking

Genesis 24:21
HEB: יְהוָ֛ה דַּרְכּ֖וֹ אִם־ לֹֽא׃
NAS: his journey successful or not.
KJV: his journey prosperous or not.
INT: the LORD his journey or not

Genesis 24:33
HEB: אֹכַ֔ל עַ֥ד אִם־ דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי דְּבָרָ֑י
INT: eat against lo have told my business

Genesis 24:38
HEB: אִם־ לֹ֧א אֶל־
KJV: But thou shalt go unto my father's
INT: But not about

Genesis 24:41
HEB: אֶל־ מִשְׁפַּחְתִּ֑י וְאִם־ לֹ֤א יִתְּנוּ֙
NAS: to my relatives; and if they do not give
INT: to my relatives and if not give

1070 Occurrences

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